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Mozilla Firefox Web Browser

Mozilla Firefox Web Browser

Mozilla Firefox Web Browser Firefox is available for OS-X, Linux and Windows operating systems.
with its mobile versions available for Android, and Firefox OS; but these versions render web pages useing the Gecko engine layout.

Mozilla Firefox Web Browser logo :
Image by : WikipediA

Mozilla Firefox Web Browser – Firefox was created in 2002, under the name “Phoenix” by the Mozilla community members who wanted to have a secure standalone browser rather than the Mozilla Application Suite bundle.
Firefox proved to be very popular, praised for its speed, security and add-ons compared to the then-dominant Microsoft’s Internet Explorer 6.
Firefox was released in November 2004, and was highly successful with 60 million downloads within nine months,

Safe and easily manageable with no interference, ‘unlike others’, repeat offenders will remain anonymous to protect the guilty.


The Mozilla Manifesto

These are the 10 (ten) principles that guide Mozilla (Firefox) mission,  to promote openness, innovation & opportunity on the Web.

01 / The Internet is an integral part of modern life—a key component in education, communication, collaboration, business, entertainment and society as a whole, please follow this  link  for more infomation on Firefox.

Thunderbird e-mail client logo on :


Mozilla also produces many products:-
Firefox web browser.
Thunderbird e-mail client.
Firefox Mobile web browser.
Firefox OS mobile operating system.
Bugzilla bug tracking system and other projects are in hand.


We find the Firefox web browser safe and easily manageable with little or no interference.



Mozilla Firefox Web Browser




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What is an IP address

What is an IP address

What is an IP address? simply put an IP address (Internet Protocol) is a number assigned to each and every computer on the internet, it is an address a number for your computer that identifies and sends traffic flow (data packets) from computer to computer, each computer will have it’s own Internet Protocol a number or IP address.

That’s the end of the simple part, an IP address a number, the rest you may not want to read, we will endeavor to summarise the principles in simple terms, but if you need an in depth study, and have a lot of  time on your hands, Wikipedia has most of the IP answers, scope and some depth of authority.

Most computers will have dynamic IP addresses, numerical IPv4 = 32 decimal (base-10) 4 groups of 4, =  (132.89.673.87) TheIP V4 is the dominant Internet Protocol in the Internet Layer in use today is IPv4; the number 4 is the protocol version number carried in every IP datagram. IPv4 is described in RFC 791 (1981).

What is an IP address - Whats behind that IP address?
Image : Optimus5

The successor to IPv4, is the IPv6, the most prominent modification over version v4 is the addressing system, IPv6 uses 128-bit addresses (c. 340 undecillion, or 3.4×1038 addresses) – a binary IPv6 = 128 bits – 8 groups of 4, hexadecimal (base-16) = (2001:cdba:0000:0000:0000:0000:3257:9652).
Although adoption of IPv6 has been slow, as of June 2008, all United States government have basic support for the system at backbone level.



What is an IP address

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What are Web Browsers

What are Web Browsers

What are Web Browsers is a good question that some are still not clear on the answer.
Web browsers are computer programs, each act as a door to the internet (WWW).
World Wide Web. Browsers are all slightly different.
Basically all browser programs allow access to view and interact with www or internet based websites.

Sir Tim Berners-Lee inventor World Wide Web UK
Image by : DreamsTime

Sir Tim Berners-Lee  an English computer scientist, is best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web.
He made a proposal for an information management system in March 1989.
Berners-Lee is the director and founder of the World Wide Web, which oversees continued development. His was the very first browser called WorldWideWeb, later renamed Nexus.

What are Web Browsers UK Marc Andreessen, invented Netscape,
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 Marc Andreessen invented Netscape, the first commonly available web browser with a graphical user interface was Erwise.
The development of Erwise was initiated by Robert Cailliau.
In 1993, browser software was further innovated by Marc Andreessen with the release of Mosaic, this made the WWW system easy to use and more accessible to the average person.
Andreessen’s browser started an internet boom in the 1990’s, his introduction of Mosaic in  1993 : one of the first graphical web browsers led to an explosion in web use.
Andreessen, the leader of the Mosaic team at National Center for Supercomputing Applications, soon started his own company named Netscape, and released the Mosaic-influenced Netscape Navigator in 1994, which quickly became the world’s most popular browser.
Microsoft responded with it’s Internet Explorer in 1995, also heavily influenced by Mosaic, sold with the PC-Windows. Internet Explorer gained dominance in the web browser market and usage by 2002 peaked at over 95%.

What are web Browsers

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What is the Tor Project

What is the Tor Project


Tor Browser onion search
Image by : DreamsTime

Tor and the Dark Art of Anonymity: How to be Invisible On-Line.

What is the Tor Project  Tor aims and objectives is to conceal users identities and online activity from all surveillance and traffic analysis tools, separating identification and routing by the implementation of an Onion routing system.
The Onion system encrypts data and then randomly bounces communications through a network of relays run by Tor user volunteers around the globe.

Tor (anonymity network) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

What is the Tor Project Tor circuit How Tor works
Image by : DreamsTime

Tor creats a private network pathway, the user’s software or client incrementally building a circuit of encrypted connections through relays on the internet.
The circuit is then extended in single hops, hop by hop, each relay-hop along the way only knows which relay gave it data and which relay it is giving data to, (the next hop).
In this way, and using the Onion system, no individual relay-hop will know the complete path that bit-data packet came from.
Tor client negotiates a separate set of encryption keys for each hop along the circuit to ensure that each relayhop can not trace the connections as they hop through.

Tor Browser Icon

The Tor Browser lets you use Onion on Windows, Mac OS X, or Linux without needing to install any software. It can run off a USB flash drive, comes with a pre-configured web browser to protect your anonymity, and is self-contained (portable).

How is Tor different from other proxies?

Proxy providers set up a server somewhere on the Internet, this allows you to relay your traffic, a simple and easy way maintain architecture.
Users all enter and leave through the same server, you just have to point your browser at their server.
Simple proxy providers are good if you don’t want protections for your privacy online and you trust the provider.
Simple proxy providers use SSL to secure your connection, this may or may not protect you from eavesdroppers in the local cafe with free wifi and your provider knows who you are and where you are.

Tor passes your traffic through at least 3 different servers before sending it to the destination, there’s a separate layer of encryption for each relay, Tor does not modify, or even know, what you are sending, it merely relays your encrypted traffic through to pop up elsewhere, completely intact.

Download Tor Browser


What is The Tor Project